• Student Learning Objectives:

    • Describe the unique properties of water and how these properties support life on Earth (freezing point, high specific heat, cohesion)
    • Explain how carbon is uniquely suited to form biological macromolecules
    • Describe how biological macromolecules form from monomers 
    • Compare the structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids in organisms
    • Describe the role of an enzyme as a catalyst in regulating a specific biochemical reaction.
    • Explain how factors such as pH, temperature, and concentration levels can affect enzyme function.

    Supporting Vocabulary:

    acid

    activation energy

    adhesion

    amino acid

    atom

    base

    bond energy

    carbohydrate

    carbon

    catalyst

    chemical reaction

    cohesion

    concentration

    concentration gradient

    covalent bond

    deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

    diffusion

    element

    endothermic reaction

    enzyme

    exothermic reaction

    fatty acid

    freezing point

    hydrogen

    hydrogen bond

    impermeable

    ion

    ionic bond

    lipid

    macromolecule

    molecule

    monomer

    nitrogen

    nucleic acid

    nucleus

    organic molecule

    osmosis

    oxygen

    pH

    phosphorus

    polymer

    product

    protein

    reactant

    solute

    solution

    solvent

    specific heat

    substrate

    sulfur

    temperature